The culture of walking And how cars drove people off the streets

Emmitt Square today, with, clockwise from lower left, Eddy, Fountain, Sabin, West Exchange, Francis, Exchange Terrace and Dorrance streets entering or leaving the "square."Originally posted By Mar Abad (@marabad) in Yorokobu Magazine.

Poor Cain is to blame for everything. That the feet have been nailed to the ground with the vehemence of a pick. That the feet have become lazy. That, as David Breton says in praise of walking, the car is now the king of daily life and has made the superfluous body for millions of people.

The human condition has become in a position sitting or immobile, assisted by a number of prostheses,” writes the French anthropologist. “Individual activity consumes more nervous than physical energy. The body is a remaining debris crashing against modernity (…). The feet serve mainly to drive a car or to hold the pedestrian standing momentarily in the elevator or sidewalk. This transforms them into invalids beings whose body just does more to ruin their lives. Moreover, due to underestimation feet are often a nuisance that could be stored without problems in a suitcase. “

Maybe Cain is at fault because their descendants built the first cities and sedentary lifestyles. Abel was always the nomad. Cain, the sedentary. Abel enjoying nature as it was and not tied to any place. It was the homo ludens. Cain, the sinner is bound and tried to tame a land to build a new world. It was the homo faber.

The philosophy of walking has distant origins. Rooted to the Bible itself, as recounted British academic Merlin Coverley in his book The Art of wandering. Jesus and Mohammed were also great walkers. But the virtues of walking are not confined to religious texts and legends. Socrates, in the V century BC, was a walker philosopher.” Even then they knew that thoughts emerge more easily when walking. Aristotle and his followers, the Peripatetics, also walked to spark your intellect.

The list of philosophers who associated their feet to their thoughts is endless. What did Hobbes, Kant, Rousseau, De Quency … and Kierkegaard. In 1847 the Danish existentialist wrote to Henrietta Lund in which he said:

Most importantly, do not lose your desire to walk. Every day I‘ve been walking towards a welfare state and similarly, walking, walk away from the disease. I have walked up to my best thoughts and I have never found such a heavy thought that walking would not scare. “

Nietzsche said that sitting still, not moving, it was a sin against the Holy Spirit and that the most valuable thoughts arose when walking. The ideas you wrote in Thus Spoke Zarathustra come from long hours wandering the Italian hills of Rapallo, according Coverley. The philosopher wrote in The Gaya Science (1882): “I do not write only by hand”. The foot always want to also write ‘and, six years later, in a letter to Georg Brandes, wrote:Deep state of inspiration. All this is on the road, during long marches. Extreme body elasticity and fullness. “

The habit of walking alone in nature to escape the noise has been boasted by many philosophers. Not only for Nietzsche. So did Rousseau or Thoreau. The American was even flee civilization and took refuge for two years, in a literary cottage. There Walden wrote and from there ran every day for four hours, walking through the woods.

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Walden, published in 1854, in the USA, by Ticknor and Fields (Wikimedia.org)

The paths of history are marked with shoe prints. There are also rows of cartwheels, but the memory of human routes more human foot horse legs. The invention of the railway, in the eighteenth century was a turning point in the path of history. Especially in the West.

“The improvement of transport and infrastructure led to the figure of the traveler at the end of the eighteenth century also marked the beginning of a trend that would eventually replace the activity of walking through the use of a means of transport,” writes Merlin Coverley, Walking was soon relegated to the domestic sphere and became the form of displacement of women, the poor, the sick and the individuals who stubbornly rejected speed and clamor of metropolitan life.”

This rejection of the speed, noise and fumes that brought the inventions have emerged from the industrial revolution in Henry David Thoreau one of his most lucid voices. The American naturalist philosopher was one of the great defenders of the culture of walking. In 1862, in an essay entitled Walking and the Wild, wrote that walking is an expression of freedom and wildness. The poet detested the expansion of urban culture and, to escape it, was delivered to the “art walk“.

In the early twentieth century, the speed never went down the street. But in the decade of the 20’s and 30‘s auto industry began to fill the cities of cars. Individuals were not used to seeing appear suddenly a fast machine with no specific direction. Then there were separate spaces for humans and machines. The cars proved intruders on the harmonic coexistence of walkers and bicycles and also destroyed the social life that flourished in the street since early civilizations.

The cars were moving around obstacles and pedestrians ran to where they could when they saw them appear. Vehicles killed thousands of children each year,” says American journalist Roman Mars in his article The Modern Moloch: “Many people saw the car as a killing machine. A cartoon in a newspaper even compared to the car with Moloch, the Phoenician god who sacrificed children.


The deaths of pedestrians were considered public tragedies. In cities were built parades and memorials to the children run over and killed by cars“, he continues. “Mothers who lost their children in the streets received a white star in recognition of the loss.”

An article in The New York Times, published in November 1924, said that the horrors of peace seem as terrifying as the horrors of war. The car looms as a much more destructive than a machine gun. The daredevil bikers cause more deaths than guns. The man in the street seems less certain that the man in the trench. The major lethal factor is the automobile. He left after destroying their way in 1923.

That slayer image threatened to ruin the auto industry. But it is not so easy to fight a market heartless. Sector companies partnered in a pressure group called Motordom. The lobby launched a public relations campaign, devised by EB Lefferts, who circled the accusing finger.

Do not blame the car.
Blame human recklessness “

The lobby of automobile clubs shot to kill. He focused his communication in the younger audience to change the mindset of future generations, according to an article in The Atlantic Cities called The Invention of Jaywalking. They financed programs and road safety education in public schools to make children believe that the streets were for cars. It was they who had to stop to avoid interrupting the passage of a vehicle and never the reverse.

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Sign prohibiting a pedestrian crossing the street in Singapore. Wikimedia.org

While in Cincinnati, growing anger against the abuses pedestrians. The academic at the University of Virginia Peter Norton in his book Fighting Traffic: The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American City, in 1923, submitted 7,000 signatures in support of a law limiting vehicle speed to 40 miles per hour. The automobile clubs thought that this limitation would reduce its sales and redeployed all their artillery. They sent letters to all owners of cars in the city and told them that this measure would condemn the USA the same fate as China, the country, in his view, further back the world. And besides, they hired attractive women to invite men to lead the propaganda against the law. Both positions are met in a referendum and the machine won the man.

The automotive industry was becoming stronger battle after battle. He did it in public opinion and the law. The lobby customary law had ordered urban life for centuries and managed to impose a traffic law that turned the streets into territory for cars. The pedestrian was relegated to the edges of the road and also could not leave the exclusion zone where the new urban development had relegated.

First, they sought a name loaded wickedness jaywalker. In the early twentieth century, jay was a pejorative term referring to rural people. Therefore a jaywalker is someone walking around town like a jay, gaping buildings around and completely unaware of traffic passing their side”, Roman writes. Then it criminalized: “The term originally was used to belittle those who crossed the path of other pedestrians, but Motordom him a legal term for people crossing the street at the wrong place or the wrong time.”

You wander the street became suspicious activity. Wander seems an anachronism in a world in which man reigns rushed: enjoy the time, place; running is an escape, a way to give the slip to modernity, writes Breton in praise of walking: A shortcut in the frenetic pace of our lives, proper way to take away.”

French says that our feet have roots. Were made ​​to move. But in Western societies and nobody looks at as a means of transport. Not even for shorter distances or climb stairs. Walking has become

“a recreational activity, self assertion, seeking tranquility, silence and contact with nature trails, trekking, popularity of walking clubs of old pilgrimage routes, especially the Santiago recovery ride .

“The way in which denigrates massive walk in daily use and its parallel revaluation as a means of entertainment are facts that reveal the status of the body in our society,” he continues. Prowl, so little tolerated in our society as silence, it stands in opposition to the demands of powerful performance, the urgency and absolute availability at work or for others.”

The hiker, according to Breton, has become anachronistic character':

The city is transformed into distances to be traveled with the desire not to waste time. The functionality comes first, “he writes in his book. The sidewalk is a straight line to be traveled fast,” and that is the same speed that “kills the street to make it a functional space travel (…). Walking around the city is an experience of tension and surveillance. The proximity of the cars is a permanent danger, though his behavior is supposedly governed by the rules of the road .

Resistance to this expulsion was extended as much as he could. Not so long ago children played in the street and adults drew chairs to the curb to make it in the community room of all the neighbors. Cars overwhelmed these two habits and turned these scenes into something quite exceptional in the West.

Walking has become, in a sense, a form of activism, nostalgia or resistance. Walking is a sensory journey, and hikers often seek to discover those details that hides and destroys the city.

The background music has become an effective weapon against a certain phobia of silence and aggressive way to capture the attention of passers-by shops” thinks Breton. The urbanite is not comfortable in spaces bathed in silence. Runs away or is quick to add sounds to make you feel safe, talking loudly, leaving the car radio on or the phone to call someone to comfort you. A quiet and peaceful world eventually becomes a disturbing world in which they feel lost all accustomed to the noise. “

This resistance to a world for cars has never quite dead. Many people constantly claim that public space is not dissipated at all. Several European cities are building bike paths and pedestrianized historic centers have in recent years. But, at the same time, 60 million vehicles are added to the world’s roads each year. And the abuses have not disappeared. Every year 270,000 people die overwhelmed by a vehicle, according to a recent BBC article titled Pedestrian power to shape future cities. These cars also make increasing pollution and sedentary lifestyles. More obese and heart attacks.

A century later still struggling passers more walkable cities. In Cincinnati they did not succeed but people insist movements. In Europe call cities 30′ so no vehicles exceeding that speed. Also claim back public space because it not only snatched the traffic. Some cities, like Madrid have made many public places in cement concourses for sale to the highest bidder. Bars rented a floor that was all before to deploy its terraces. Brands rent that space where maybe before there were trees, riding events.

The association of passers A Pie voluntarily working in Madrid since 1995, so that politicians do not forget the walkers in their urban and social policies. We support walking as a means of healthy, economical and sustainable transportation,” said Veronica Martinez, a member of this association. “We also care about the public space. It is a place of play and sharing, but the massive introduction of vehicles has snatched these spaces people. Often cities put pedestrians to extreme situations. “

Walk function to begin with, is to publicize the rights of pedestrians and try to alleviate many of the fences where they are trapped in a city. “We propose simple solutions to the City or the person responsible for improving conflicting crosses, reclaim space for walking or extend the shelters are sidewalks,” says Mateus Porto Schettino, a member of the association. “You have to be careful about how we sell traffic. They say that they do for our safety but actually leave us without mobility. “

At the moment there are no plans for a new revised and updated edition of the Bible. But if this happens you can either Cain no absolute evil. Motordom also have theirs. #walkablecities

City Cynic: ‘Against The Smart City’ By Adam Greenfield (Book Review)

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Opinions expressed by Daniel Nye Griffiths on Forbes Contributors magazine

In many ways, the ideal of interconnectivity, expressed individually by the smart phone, the driverless car, or the lenses beaming turn-by-turn navigation advice into welcoming eyeballs, finds its communal expression in the dream of the smart city.

That is, roughly, a city in which those individually connected devices inform and are informed by a massively connected, real-time updating urban computer, which allows the moving parts of the city to function with the greatest possible efficiency – no traffic jams, no wasted energy, no dark corners or hidden dangers.

Urbanscale’s Adam Greenfield, while notable for work with Razorfish in the frontier days of the World Wide Web and at Nokia during its days of design primacy in the mobile space, is perhaps still best known as the author of Everyware: The Dawning Age of Ubiquitous Computing.

As such, it is no surprise that he is returning to the concept of the networked city – a focus of Urbanscale’s practice, and one of the most visible and media-friendly applications of networked technology – in a tightly-argued short book, Against the smart city. Indeed, this pamphlet – which also serves as the opening section of the upcoming The city is here for you to use – could be seen as a continuation of the themes explored by Greenfield and his fellow urbanist Mark Shepard in their dialogic Urban Computing and its Discontents.

Smart dust, smart dreams

There are various injections of smartness into contemporary urban spaces – often piecemeal agglomerations of data collected or repurposed for a specific service. In London, automated camera data is cross-referenced with lists of those who have paid for the right to drive in the centre of town, in order to find and punish transgressors. Public and private services can provide at least some sense of the most efficient way to get from A to B, and ideally also what unique circumstances might affect that judgement from minute to minute, and deliver that information to a mobile device.

Greenfield, however, keeps Against the smart city focused not on these slow accumulations of connectivity – although real-world examples are cited from the idealism of Chile’s Project Cybersyn to Rio’s “war room” monitoring station – but rather the ideal of the smart city being proposed by three major urban developments.

These are Songdo City, a $20-40 billion development for a 500,000-person city built on reclaimed land by the Yellow Sea in South Korea; the embryonic “eco-city” of Masdar in Abu Dhabi, which is marketed as a future home for 40,000 residents and a place of work for 50,000 commuting workers; and “PlanIT Valley“, a $10 billion collaboration in Portugal planned to accommodate 225,000 citizens in an area “about the size of downtown Boston”.

To say that these cities are being studied would be misleading – to a considerable extent, these cities as envisioned in the literature do not currently exist. Greenfield, however, argues that the marketing materials and promises of their sponsors, however imminent their ribbon-cutting plans may be, provide a valuable insight into how large corporations with an investment in this kind of top-down, data-rich urban management system will position – and budget for – the ideal, greenfield smart city.

(To quote the Futureheads song of the same name as The city is here for you to use, ”These extra expenses make brilliant senses”. The smart city is big business, and big players are involved – IBM, Cisco, Samsung, Intel and others are operating in the automated city space.)

The bad best fit

These projects are not in an advanced state, and it is arguable whether they will look much like the advertising and promotional materials when they are completed. Greenfield finds worth in these materials, however – and specifically finds a series of precepts, implicit or explicit, about the conception of the smart city that are more or less consistent across all three, differing primarily in degree.

These ideas are not only consistent, to Greenfield, but consistently in error – based as they are on the belief that “the smart city” is a turnkey installation – a collection of technologies that, once deployed, will function consistently and uniformly. Cities, he argues, are rather products of specific geographies, social milieus and inhabitants. We do not live urban informatics lives divorced from the physicality of the city and ourselves; instead that other “smart” technology, the smartphones, has smashed physicality and data-presence together by its ubiquity and regular reporting of data to the network.

Sometime between the Clinton Administration’s 2000 decision to offer a clean GPS signal to non-military operators, and the rise of Facebook as a clearing house for unitary identity circa 2008, the virtual was folded back onto the physical fairly decisively. Far from dematerializing the self into a permanent state of “bodyless exultation”, our technologies of biometric recognition now increasingly moor it in and to the individual body.

If I read this right, the thrust is that the individual, not the metropolis, must be the atomic unit of urban data, and smartness resides in the unique systems of a city, which are formed by accommodations and alterations made in response to the unique circumstances of that city and its citizens.

Conversely, the visions of Masdar, Songdo and PlanIT are new builds on hitherto unurban ground – and often do not identify the specific technologies to be applied, talking instead in generic terms of “smart walls” and “iris recognition door systems”. This is important because the products offering these potential are not themselves interchangeable.

Where the plans are more specific, Greenfield goes on, is when they are talking about the sponsors’ proprietary systems – and the core technologies of these model cities are some variant of proprietary, for reasons of security or lock-in (and that argument feels like an Apple versus Android in the making). At one point, the pamphlet relates, the Portuguese project talked of introducing its own social network purely for the city, despite the fact that third parties such as Twitter, Facebook and Foursquare are already tied into the social systems of those rubbing physical elbows in the city, not to mention services elsewhere in the urban navigation stack such as Yelp. Greenfield homes in with a hunter’s eye on what he sees as wooliness or hubris – and, given that this is essentially marketing copy, the hunt is not a fruitless one.

Copy, right?

Which raises a query: since much of the material being studied is marketing copy, should we expect it to be wholly representative of what might happen, in these locations or anywhere else? Greenfield’s skepticism that these grand projects will actually be completed does not, by his lights, invalidate the close examination of their self-representation.

Against the smart city is certainly a focused work – a piece of targeted analysis which does not overstay its welcome. It might, in fact, make an interesting companion read to Anthony Townsend’s Smart Cities (I say this more as a note to self as a recommendation, since I have yet to get to Townsend’s far larger work). Where urbanist works often feel like concept albums, Against the smart city is more like a punk song.

And, like punk, Against the smart city is unashamedly political. Not party-political, but infused with a strongly argued mistrust of the bedrock of the doctrine of the top-down, turnkey smart cities. That is, the proposition that a smart enough city – for example one built from scratch with a single dominant supplier or alliance of suppliers and no existing infrastructure or accreted urban culture to deal with – will provide perfect knowledge of the needs of its citizens and be able to meet them perfectly. This is depicted as a recipe for disenfranchisement for those who are now subject to “smart” processes they do not understand, and for exploitation by those with sufficient knowledge to “juke” the system – Greenfield here deploying the trenchant terminology of The Wire.

The last part of the pamphlet, where Greenfield moves from a reading of specific texts to a broader identification of the historical context and overarching concept of the mechanistic city, contains some fine passages of disapprobation. The claims that one of these ideal cities will have the best features of many other major cities – the skyline of Manhattan, the walkability of Boston, the green spaces of London – are smacked down as “cargo cult urbanism”. The ideal of the smart city is tied into the high modernist ideal of urban development as the creation of self-contained units applying consistent architectural precepts, to which the inhabitants must bend, and the grisly example of Pruitt-Igoe, St Louis’ unhappy flirtation with the ideals of le Corbusier.

At times the picture Greenfield is painting, of these semi-independent city states divorced culturally and architecturally from the nations in which they are housed, may have a whiff of Peter Thiel’s seasteading ambitions – in this case, the city does not float, but the prioritization of wealth generation, and the creation of an environment with the minimum of regulatory barriers to it, is not unfamiliar.

As I read it – and I may be misreading – there is a particular critique of an approach that privatises profit and makes risk public , often by absorbing civic resources in pursuit of corporate goals. The greatest condemnation Greenfield has for this conception of the smart city is, ultimately, that it has little as a concept to do with cities – complex masses of emerging properties in which the inhabitants of the streets as much as a centralized “war room” decide how it will function.

For those interested in the smart city – and in particular in the marketing of the smart city – this is a book worth reading – tight in focus and often very entertaining in its dismantling of what are, admittedly, often easy targets. Those who broadly align with its ideological thrust are likely to find it invigorating, those who do not may feel at times as if their counterarguments are not being treated with respect – but this is, as I said, an unwaveringly politically engaged piece, and Greenfield makes no secret of his own preferences for engagement with the imperfect over subjection to the perfect – or the dream of the perfect.


Against the Smart City is available from the Amazon Kindle Store

The Dirty Truth About Where Your Old Electronics Go


We all know we should recycle our electronics, but we don’t really know what happens after we drop them off at the e-waste center, right?

So filmmaker +Alex Gorosh followed his old phones, all the way to Agbogbloshie, Ghana, the largest electronics dump in the world. It’s a place so dirty and dangerous it’s nicknamed “Sodom and Gomorrah.”

It turns out about half of our discarded electronics are shipped overseas to places like Agbogbloshie where environmental regulations aren’t as strict. At this particular site, some of the gadgets are taken apart, their salvageable components sold. But the large majority of them are burned so the workers—largely teenagers—can scrap the metals inside.

Read more:
http://gizmodo.com/the-dirty-truth-about-where-your-old-electronics-go-1629622901
To donate or sell electronics go here: http://gizmogul.com/DONATE

Millions of photos from the past rescued on Flickr

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Image from page 383 of “Engineering and Contracting” (1909) Internet Archive Book Images
Originally posted By Mar Abad (@marabad) in Yorokobu Magazine

Darkness law works the same for the hidden, the forgotten or lost. But internet darkness fall on something else that has no search tags. Millions of images on the history of the world were in danger of disappearing forever. They were filed in digitized books but had no tags. There was no way to rescue them. That and forgetting is the same.

Big data expert Kalev Leetaru began to regain last December million photographs and drawings of more than 600 million pages scanned by the Internet Archive organization books. Today there are more than 2.6 million images are available free of charge and without copyright, in a new page called Internet Archive Book Flickr Images.

 

“The purpose of this project is to re-imagine the book. I wanted to find images based on a set of criteria and find imagery of objects over time, not just today, “explains the expert in communication technology in an interview via email.

So far the words had been imposed on the images. This body was only labeling texts of digitized books and no way to access these photos and drawings dated from 1500-1922 through an online search. Yahoo! researcher at Georgetown University (Washington, USA) saw libraries to digitize its archives had become books in PDF format (this prevents extract images) and all search criteria refer to only texts. Leetaru thought those images contain much of the past five centuries information ever be seen in museums and galleries, and so had to recover. These images have escaped the darkness. Even the past. And now they are on a track output. At the starting point of what Kalev Leetaru called “a time travel through images.”

“For example, when viewing images of phones at different times, you realize that you have gone from being a device used by the men in the office an essential household appliance in the home. I realized that there were many digitized books about the phone but there was no way to see a collage of all the images of those works. My intention was to search for images rather than words. Thus was born the project.

And so he took him out. Internet Archive has already digitized books by OCR. This process recognizes text from scanned pages and so can be searched by key words. The OCR software identifies where are all the images of the pages, just ignores them and goes to the text. What I did was to create a tool that re-OCR results, trace images, extracted the tagea automatically and saves them as separate files. “


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16 Organizations that Want to Fund Your Photography Project

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Originally Posted by:     Date:           Posted into: Photoshelter Blog
 
You have a powerful idea for a photography project, but not all the funds you need to make it happen. Sound familiar? The great news is there are many foundations, non-profits and private companies alike, who are willing to fund worthy photographers based on talent and project goals. Some offer grants for photojournalists who expose social injustices; others focus on editorial photographers who tell long-form stories. We’ve rounded up 16 as a start to help you in your search. It’s by no means an exhaustive list, so feel free to add others to the list via the comments section!

1. Aaron Siskind Foundation’s Individual Photographer’s Fellowship

The Siskind Foundation’s Individual Photographer’s Fellowship Grant is awarded to artists working with photography or photo-based art. With this specific grant you must be 21 years or older and a U.S. citizen. 2013 winners include Michelle Frankfurter, Wayne Lawrence, Joshua Lutz, Justin Maxon, Jenny Riffle and Sasha Rudensky. Although the application process for 2014 is closed, you can follow up to see this year’s recipients and begin to think about submissions for the 2015 award. You can check out their submission page here.

2. Alexia Foundation

The Alexia Foundation provides grants and scholarships to photojournalists whose mission focuses on fostering cultural understanding and exposing social injustice. The Alexia Foundation awards multiple grants including a professional and student grant and a Women’s Initiative Grant. Although the submission deadline has passed, the recipient of the 2014 Women’s Initiative Grant will be announced by September 1st, 2014. Previous winners include Sebastian Liste, Farzana Hossein and Mehran Hamrahi.

3. Burn Magazine Emerging Photographer Grant

The Burn Magazine Emerging Photographer Grant is provided to aid in the continuation of a photographer’s personal project, whether a documentary project or one of a more artistic aesthetic. Previous winners include Diana Markosian, Iveta Vaivode, Oksana Yushko and Maciej Pisuk. This year’s deadline is September 2nd, apply here.

4. Carmignac Gestion Photojournalism Award

The Carmignac Gestion Photojournalism Award is presented to photojournalists from around the world who want to pursue a long-term reportage project on a specific theme. Themes can range from focusing on an internal conflict, advocations of peace or social justice, or highlighting a gradual change within a nation. Photojournalists may only submit a portfolio highlighting their project. No written explanation is accepted as the judges believe that the images should speak for themselves.

5. CENTER’s Project Launch Grant & Project Development Grant

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CENTER’s Project Launch Grant is awarded to talented photographers working with a fine art series or a documentary project. The $5,000 cash award is intended to help photographers complete their respective projects and provide opportunities for professional development, press and the ability to disseminate their project. In addition to the cash award, the winner will be featured in an exhibition at the Center for Contemporary arts, receive a Lenscratch publication and more. Guy Martin was the 2014 recipient with his project titled City of Dreams. CENTER also awards a Project Development Grant, which provides financial support to fine art, documentary, or photojournalist works-in-progress. Adam Reynolds was the 2014 recipient of the grant, with his project titled Architecture of an Existential Threat. To apply for either grant, visit CENTER’s website here

6. Crusade Engagement Grant

Crusade for Art is an organization that aims to inspire photographers to create new audiences who want to engage with art in a meaningful way.  Their $10,000 Crusade Engagement Grant is awarded to an individual photographer or group of photographers with the most innovative plan for connecting audiences to their work. They look for projects that create a demand for photography and provide a plan to foster real connections between the photographer and the audience.  Check out the Grant guidelines and FAQs here.

7. The Documentary Project Fund

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The Documentary Project Fund is awarded to documentary photographers who use photography as a medium for storytelling. They provide voices to impoverished and oppressed communities. The deadline for the $3,500 Emerging Vision Award and the $5,000 Established Artist Award has passed for the summer, but the program is bi-annual and the application will open up again soon. Mafalda Rakos is the March 2014 recipient of the Emerging Vision award for her vision on the issue of body image and eating disorders.

8. FotoVisura Grant for Outstanding Personal Photography Project or Student Project

This grant, open only to photographers self-publishing on fotovisura.com, recognizes both outstanding personal projects  and outstanding student projects. Judges look for photographers with powerful images and a strong dedication and commitment to their story – especially if that story is meant to affect positive change in society. The 2015 Open Call will be announced later this summer, but you can take a look at the 2014 winners here.

9. Getty Image Grants for Editorial Photography

In partnership with Lean In, an organization whose mission is to empower and support women through community, education and group circles, Getty Images has opted to provide a $10,000 grant to a photographer whose work depicts a story of women or girls achieving their goals within their communities or personal lives. The 2013 winner was Matt Eich, for his project titled Sin & Salvation in Baptist Town. While the submission deadline for the 2014 grant has passed, the application will re-open next Spring and winners are announced every September.

10. Inge Morath Award

A Long Walk (Refugee Shoe Project)

Established by the members of Magnum Photos, the annual Inge Morath award is presented to a female photographer under thirty who shows exemplary prowess in the documentary photography field. The award is a means to fund a long term documentary project and is awarded each July. This July, Shannon Jansen, who won for her project titled A Long Walk. The project featured stunning shots of the shoes of refugees who fled the Blue Nile State to reach the border of South Sudan.

11. John Gutmann Photography Fellowship Award

The John Gutmann Photography Fellowship Award is presented annually to emerging photographers that demonstrate artistic commitment in artistic photography. The award is between $5,000-$10,000 and sometimes presented to multiple photographers. To be eligible, you must be a U.S. citizen and nominated based on your professional accomplishments. Previous recipients include Soo Kim and Penelope Umbrico.

12. The Manuel Rivera-Ortiz Foundation for Documentary Photography and Film

This grant enables documentary photographers and filmmakers to receive funding for their projects. The cash award is $5,000 for non-fiction works based on social issues such as health, poverty, oppression, war, famine or religious/political persecution. The 2014 Photography Grant recipient is Mohamed Ali Eddin, a freelance Cairo-based photojournalist. Eddin’s project, Life of Quarry Workers focused on worker exploitation in the Minya governorate in northern Egypt. Details on the application process can be found here.

13. National Geographic Young Explorers Grant

The National Geographic Young Explorers Grant is unique program that provides between $2,000 and $5,000, to adventure, ancient world, animal, environment, society and culture, and space photographers. To be eligible, you must be between 18 and 25 with the desire to pursue research, conservation and exploration-based projects. There are several programs, such as the Committee for Research and Exploration (CRE), the Expeditions Council (EC), and the Conservation Trust (CT). Each program has a separate application process and awards separate grants. Application details can be found here.

14. NPPA’s Best of Photojournalism Grant

The National Press Photographers Association (NPPA) hosts an annual competition to provide grants to photographers, editors or online photojournalists. This contest explores all dimensions of photojournalism, from still photographs to video, multimedia and photo/video editing. Each category is presented with a separate award. The categories include contemporary issues, environment, feature, international news, portrait and personality and more. To enter, you must register here.

15. Open Society’s Documentary Photography Project

Awarding grants to both individuals and organizations, Open Society’s Documentary Photography Project supports photography to mobilize people around issues of justice and human rights. In contrast to many photography funders, they offer support of projects beyond documentary photography and encourage projects also around civic engagement, education, media attention, advocacy and reform. Check out their schedule for upcoming entry deadlines.

16. W. Eugene Smith Grant

The W. Eugene Smith Grant is awarded in honor of the late prolific photo essayist, Eugene Smith. The award is to recognize exemplary talent and vision in documentary photography that highlights the human condition. The 2013 recipient was Robin Hammond, a New Zealand-based freelance photojournalist. Hammond is a consistent contributor to National Geographic, Time Magazine, NYT and Polka Magazine.

Although photography has the capacity to expose, persuade and move masses, the cost to make an impact can be high. These grants provide opportunities for photographers to not only get their work done but achieve their project goals without the concern of financial implications. Remember, there are also many crowdfunding opportunities to help cover the cost of your project including Kickstarter, gofundme, indiegogo, and rockethub.

Interview with Paul Romer

 

Interview with Paul Romer, Professor of Economics - New York University. The interview took place at the Workshop on Sustainability of Cities: Models for Better Planning and Management, organized by the Initiative for Emerging and Sustainable Cities (ICES) of the Inter-American Development Bank, and the International University Menéndez Pelayo in Santander, Spain between July 27 and August 1, 2014.

Emerging cities in Latin America and the Caribbean. A IADB Strategy.

http://services.iadb.org/wmsfiles/images/742x234/-23210.png

Emerging cities in Latin America and the Caribbean (ESCI) need planning processes that are specific and action-oriented—capable of bringing about quality of life for citizens in the region.

In light of this need, ESCI, created by Inter-American Development Bank works closely with each city in order to implement our Methodology, which has two main phases. ESCI starts off with a participatory process to evaluate the quality of life in cities and to identify priority areas for action; this is the core of our methodology. This process leads toward the development of an Action Plan for each city. Based on the Plan’s objectives, the Methodology’s second phase focuses on implementation of actions and specific urban interventions, as well as on the establishment of platforms for citizen-led monitoring of impacts.

ESCI’s methodology is based on the premise that urban development strategies that are well-planned, integrated, and cross-sectoral, can ensure improvements in the quality of life for citizens and help materialize a more sustainable, resilient, and inclusive future for emerging cities in Latin America and the Caribbean.

 Methodological Guide (EN)      Guía Metodológica (ES)       Guia Metodológico (PT)

 Indicators (EN)      Indicadores (ES)       Indicadores (PT)

 Filtro económico (ES)       Filtro econômico (PT)

 ESCI Brasil Tryptich (EN/PT)

Fases de una ciudad en ICES

First Phase: Assessment of the Quality of Urban Life and Development of the Action Plan

ESCI developed an innovative rapid-assessment tool to understand and analyze the different elements that determine and impact the quality of life in cities. Our experience in each participating city has allowed us continuously to gather lessons and improve on this tool, better to address each locality’s needs.

The assessment tool gathers 140 indicators from a variety of sectors, which are exhaustively analyzed in collaboration with local governments and civil society over a nine-month period. This evaluation represents the core of our methodology, around which to identify and develop priority activities. Overall, the results are embodied in an Action Plan that offers a narrative view of the assessment and outlines strategic interventions in those sectors that can have the strongest positive impact on each city’s quality of life. Throughout this phase, ESCI works closely with each city to determine the requirements, in terms of time and resources, to implement prioritized activities.

 

 

 Mar del PlataMar del Plata

 

 

Second Phase: Implementation of the Action Plan, Pre-Investment, and Monitoring Activities

Once finished, the Action Plan, which reflects the collaborative work of a diversity of local stakeholders, paves the way for implementation of priority proposals. ESCI helps with the design and development of at least one priority project to reach pre-investment stages. Depending on local interest, ESCI can help identify and mobilize financial resources from a variety of sources, including the public and private sectors, special partnerships between the two, and other commercial institutions.

In addition, ESCI provides direct support for the design and launch of a citizen-run monitoring system, in collaboration with civil society stakeholders such as non-governmental organizations, private organizations, and academia. This monitoring system evaluates progress against the initial evaluation and the proposals and goals included in the Action Plan.

 Download Methodological Guide:

 Guía Metodológica (ES)      Methodological Guide (EN)       Guia Metodológico (PT)

 

Download Annexes:

 Indicadores (ES)      Indicators (EN)       Indicadores (PT)

 Filtro económico (ES)       Filtro econômico (PT)

 Filtro ambiental (ES)

Baseline Studies (ToR):

 ToR Climate Change and Urban Development Studies (EN)

 

Additional Baseline Studies (ToR):

 ToR Mobility (ES)

 ToR Water and Sanitation (ES)

 ToR Solid Waste (ES)

 ToR Energy (ES)

 ToR Citizen Security (ES)

 ToR Smart City ICT (EN)

 ToR Walkability Bikeability (EN)

 ToR Fiscal and Finances (ES)

 

Other documents:

 ToR Public Opinion Survey (ES)

 Annex – Inclusion of ‘Sustainability and Cities’ in Country Strategies (ES)

La representació de la ciutat

Originally posted on Imaginando Sumer:


planta Novgorod, Rússia, edat mitjana

Imagen 001

Plantes del Campo Marcio de Roma, Piranesi (1720-1778)

PIANTA di Roma disegnata colla situazione de tutti i Monumenti antichi

la-gran-pianta-di-roma-antica-in-il-campo-marzio-dell_antica

Representació The walking city, Archigram

oxol_archigram

Representació Berlin, Archigram

archigram berlin

Way out west Berlin, 1988, Peter Cook

way-out-west-berlin1

Guía psicogeográfica de París, Guy Debord, ‘The naked city’. 1957

carto-situacionistas

Exemple de representació situacionista

wriery

Robert Venturi i Denise Scott Brown, Las Vegas, Stip message anaysis

View original

La representació de la ciutat

Originally posted on Imaginando Sumer:


planta Novgorod, Rússia, edat mitjana

Imagen 001

Plantes del Campo Marcio de Roma, Piranesi (1720-1778)

PIANTA di Roma disegnata colla situazione de tutti i Monumenti antichi

la-gran-pianta-di-roma-antica-in-il-campo-marzio-dell_antica

Representació The walking city, Archigram

oxol_archigram

Representació Berlin, Archigram

archigram berlin

Way out west Berlin, 1988, Peter Cook

way-out-west-berlin1

Guía psicogeográfica de París, Guy Debord, ‘The naked city’. 1957

carto-situacionistas

Exemple de representació situacionista

wriery

Robert Venturi i Denise Scott Brown, Las Vegas, Stip message anaysis

View original