Day 69 of #100dayproject: Biodiversity

1836634_803839996311806_1895093699_oVariety of Potatoes from Chiloé Islands

“Earth is populated by agricultural rich systems of world class importance in biological diversity. Various cultures where developed accumulating biodiversity and important traditional knowledge.”

Chiloé’s Patrimonial Agriculture Statement

Some places on Earth are recognized as “Ingenious Sites of World Agriculture Heritage” (ISWAH) by OAF. One of them is Chiloé Island in Chile. ISWAH initiative promotes in Chiloé the conservation of world class crops like potatoes, garlics, gooseberries, strawberries and raspberries, between others harvests. All this crops, are traditional products with the advantage to generate the capacities, associativity and the knowledge management of local experiences. Chiloé’s farming systems has more than 200 vegetable species at least, in different combinations and agro ecological orders. This mixtures provides great responsive capacity and recovery of the ecological changes of the environment.

The ecological balance of environment and landscape includes agriculture and forestry[1]. CIFOR (Center International Forestry Research) is an excellent guide through the creation of relationships between all of those elements:

A special mention is for their star program called Landscapes Approach[2]. The idea behind the landscape approach is to extend the vision of it, examining the environmental and economic problems. The researcher proposal is manage, preserve or rehab valuable natural resources. They had two steps in that process:

  1. Considering the farms, livestock, patch trees and bushes, woods, rivers and roads that cross the villages, as part of a bigger mosaic. That vision is crucial for holistic researches, because that’s the way that people lives in reality.
  2. Considering and analyzing the complex composition of landscapes, and the way of humans interacting with them.

The principles emphasizes the needs of strong the connections and integrate in the best way the research in the areas of agriculture, forestry, energy and fishing. To initiate the process, CIFOR presented a guide with 10 principles of orientation for “approaches to landscape level for sustainability” that had recognized by Biologic Diversity Convention of United Nations in 2013:

  1. Continual learning and adaptive management
  2. Common concern entry point
  3. Multiple scales
  4. Multifunctionality
  5. Multi stakeholders
  6. Negotiated and transparent change
  7. Clarification of rights and principles
  8. Participation and user friendly monitoring
  9. Resilience
  10. Strengthened stakeholder capacity.


[1] UNEP/UN. (2011). Report on how to improve sustainable use of biodiversity in a landscape perspective. (pp. 1–14). Montreal. Retrieved from http://www.cbd.int/doc/meetings/sbstta/sbstta-15/official/sbstta-15-13-en.pdf

[2] Ramírez, G.: Ciencia del Paisaje: Una manera de ayudar a los formuladores de políticas presentes en la COP18 a gestionar mejor los recursos del mundo. CIFOR Blog [En línea] http://blog.cifor.org/12526/ciencia-del-paisaje-una-manera-de-ayudar-a-los-formuladores-de-politicas-presentes-en-la-cop18-a-gestionar-mejor-los-recursos-del-mundo/

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